Enzymes and its Role
Enzymes are known to catalyze more than 5,000 biochemical reaction types.Other biocatalysts are catalytic RNA molecules, called ribozymes. Enzymes' specificity comes from their unique three-dimensional structures. Enzymes are sensitive to external conditions and therefore have unstable characteristics. High temperature, strong acid, alkali and some heavy metal ions will lead enzyme to lose activity and useless. Enzymes are generally difficult to preserve, which brings great difficulties to a wide range of applications.
According to the function of the enzyme, enzymes are usually divided into six categories: A. oxidoreductases, including sub-oxidase and dehydrogenase, which are involved in productivity, detoxification and the synthesis of certain bioactive substances in the body; B. transfer enzymes, participating in nucleic acid, protein, sugar and fat metabolism and synthesis; C. hydrolase enzymes. These enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis reaction to make the organic macromolecules into simple small molecule compounds. For example, lipases catalyze the hydrolysis of lipids to glycerol and fatty acids.
They are the most widely used enzymes by human; D. lytic enzymes, breaking down complex compounds into several compounds; E. isomerases, which specialize in catalyzing the conversion between isomeric compounds and rearranging the groups within the molecule. For example, glucose and fructose are isomers. With glucose isomerase, glucose and fructose can transform each other; F. synthetic enzymes, combining two or more living substances into new ones.
Many enzymes form a regular enzyme system that controls and regulates complex metabolic activities of life. Early enzyme engineering technology was mainly extracting, separating and purifying various enzymes from animal, plant, microbial material, and applying these enzymes to the chemical, food and pharmaceutical industries. Since the 70s, enzyme immobilization technology made a breakthrough, so that enzyme engineering technology such as immobilized enzyme, immobilized cells, bioreactors and biosensors quickly access to applications.With the birth of the third generation of enzyme preparations, various enzyme engineering techniques are applied to manufacture of fine chemical products and medical supplies
Our esteemed journal EEG is looking forward for the upcoming issue (Volume8: Issue2) having journal impact factor of 1* and nearly 83 articles are cited in Google scholar site. We are glad for the upcoming year issue release as all the authors are invited to submit their recent scientific work through manuscripts in the mode of Research/Case Reports/Case Studies/Reviews/Short Review/ Short Communications/Commentaries/Short Commentaries/Letters to Editor/ Image articles etc., from different regions around the world.
Our Journal welcomes submissions of manuscripts on the topics covering Bioprocess, Enzyme Expression, Enzyme Kinetics, Protein Interaction, Protein Purification, Protein Engineering, Enzyme, Metabolic Engineering, etc. In the quality perspective, the journal is determined to maintain an exceptionally high standard in both facts and ethics. Accuracy and authenticity in the scientific reports of present journal are conserved above all nominal needs of the time.
A standard editorial manager system is utilized for manuscript submission, review, editorial processing and tracking which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors for monitoring and tracking the article processing. Manuscripts can be uploaded online at Editorial Tracking System https://www.longdom.org/submissions/enzyme-engineering.html or as an email attachment to email@example.com
Enzyme Engineering: Open-Access